Comprehensive study of the dairy sector in Assam, India

This study of Assam’s dairy producers, consumers and milk agents aims to generate information that will lead to the following:

  • preparation of a pro-poor dairy development plan
  • training, certification and monitoring of milk agents
  • dissemination of milk preservation technology for value-added products
  • fostering of new market opportunities through business development information and facilitation centres
  • generic campaigns of milk consumption and quality awareness.



  1. To understand the smallholder dairy production and distribution systems to develop a pro-poor dairy development plan.
  2. To identify farm-level constraints to increased milk production and productivity, and potential interventions that will address these constraints.
  3. To study the socio-economic circumstances of dairy smallholders in order to understand poverty and equity implications.
  4. To recommend ways of increasing the productivity of farm inputs and decreasing costs of production.
  5. To prepare a location-specific action plan to overcome the constraints and use the opportunities of dairy farming.
  6. To identify the constraints to milk marketing in difficult areas like river islands and hilly terrains and come up with specific recommendations to overcome these constraints.
  7. To identify technical, policy and institutional changes required for making dairy development an effective mechanism for poverty reduction.
  8. To improve knowledge on consumer preferences and trends in milk consumption, and the impact of these factors on opportunities for marketing of milk and dairy products.
  9. To establish potential, current and projected consumer demands for milk and dairy products in urban, peri-urban and rural areas.
  10. To analyze the reasons behind the relatively low demand for milk and recommend specific action plans for increasing this demand.
  11. To study the quality of milk and dairy products sold by various agents and its impact on consumer preference and milk consumption behaviour.
  12. To understand the marketing and processing chains that link small-scale landless dairy producers to consumers of milk and dairy products.
  13. To give specific recommendation for provision of quality milk to consumers and remunerative prices to milk producers through the traditional milk distribution system.
  14. To identify constraints to increased investment in the Assam dairy sector and recommend interventions aimed at enhancing entrepreneurship.
  15. To better understand the reasons behind the failure of dairy and chilling plants in Assam and how they can best be operated.
  16. To develop a basic database on the dairy sector of Assam.