Livestock are a key asset that helps communities manage shocks and stressors, especially in dryland regions. Many actors now refer to building resilience as a method for reducing vulnerability to shocks and enhancing processes of recovery, with the understanding that fostering greater resilience is an alternative to cycles of repeated disasters and emergency responses. Although resilience is now widely used as a development framework, we lack evidence of which interventions are most effective.
The research and development community will be enabled to use evidence of the role of livestock in building and ensuring resilience in dryland systems in Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Kenya, Mali, Senegal and Tanzania. With better information on how to protect animal assets against climate shocks, link those productive (livestock) assets better to markets to enable economic growth, and secure the feed resources through rangeland governance and restoration, livestock’s crucial role in drylands will be supported through policies and interventions.
Our approach is built around three pillars: first, protect livestock assets, e.g. through insurance; second, ensure the necessary inputs to make those assets more productive are in place (especially feed and water); third, ensure that the incentives to increase productivity through market linkages are enabled and facilitated, including inputs (e.g. animal health services) and outputs (the animals). The innovations are developed with local partners and disseminated through community, NGO and government networks.