One Health centre
The goal of the ILRI/BMZ One Health Research, Education, Outreach and Awareness Centre (OHRECA) is to improve the health of humans, animals and ecosystems through capacity building, strengthening local, regional and global networks, evidence-based policy advice in the context of One Health by setting up a central facility for One Health in Sub-Saharan Africa.
The investment covers three major thematic areas:
- Research as the basis for science and academia, policy advice, recommendations for interventions including donor investments.
- Capacity development to strengthen national competencies in One Health including education and training programs, communication interventions for behavior change.
- Development of strategies and action plans to control zoonotic diseases and antimicrobial resistance.
- Support of public campaigns to control and/or eradicate zoonotic diseases, including foodborne diseases and rational drug use.
1. Control of zoonotic diseases:
Prioritization of diseases according to their health and economic burden (i.e. Global Burden of Animal Disease report); Consideration of tuberculosis, brucellosis, rabies, Rift Valley fever among others; development of IT and communication technologies
2. Food safety:
Risk assessment and identification of Critical Control Points; Improved occupational health and hygiene during processing in informal markets; Hygiene and waste management; Risk communication
3. Prevention and control of Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR):
Rational (or prudent) use of antimicrobials; AMR at the interface humans-animals-environment; The role of livestock production in AMR; Reduced and targeted use of drugs; Improved data availability.
These thematic areas are building on existing activities and will help consolidating and complementing them (all of the above have received funding from BMZ/GIZ, i.e. Safe Food, Fair Food Africa and Boosting Uganda’s Investments in Livestock Development). The thematic area of AMR is currently being funded by other investment partners through the CGIAR-AMR Hub (https://amr.cgiar.org/) and will work closely with the One Health centre.
An Advisory committee consisting of 5-10 representatives of African institutions working on One Health topics will provide the centre with advice and guidance, with special attention to the specific needs in the African context.
Cross-cutting themes and interdisciplinarity:
All themes will include socio-economic and ecological (including climate change) aspects and research questions. The different stakeholders (e.g. agro-pastoralists, conservationists, livestock farmers, processors, consumers, policy etc.) will be included.
The cross-cutting theme capacity development uses multidisciplinary approaches as well. The respective entities at ILRI (and partners) will support the areas of communication, data management and laboratory bench work.
Project partners and stakeholders
Building networks and partnerships with African partners as well with other institutions in Europe (and beyond) will be fostered under the One Health centre.
- Pan-African Science Partnership for Intervention Research Excellence (Afrique One ASPIRE);
- The German Federal Animal Health Research Institute (Friedrich Loeffler Institute, FLI) and the Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (Bundesinstitut für Risikobewertung, BfR) already have MoUs with ILRI;
- Freie Universität Berlin, Germany (and FoodBerlin);
- Vétérinaires sans frontières, Germany ;
- Other CGIAR centres (i.e. IITA in the context of Aflatoxins).
Collaboration with the African Union-Interafrican Bureau for Animal Resources (AU-IBAR), the Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD) as well as multilateral organizations, especially OIE, FAO and WHO will be further strengthened. In 2007, the first Meeting on zoonoses and One Health was co-hosted by WHO at ILRI.